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Male Infertility

Looking for the best male infertility treatment centre in IndiaDiscover effective solutions for male infertility at top-rated hospitals and male infertility treatment clinic in India. Our network of trusted facilities specializes in diagnosing and treating male infertility, offering advanced techniques and personalized care. With a comprehensive evaluation to identify the underlying causes, our fertility specialists provide tailored treatment plans including medication, hormone therapy, surgical interventions, and assisted reproductive technologies such as IUI, IVF, ICSI, and TESE. Experience compassionate support and access to cutting-edge technologies in India, as you embark on your journey towards parenthood.

What is male infertility?

Male infertility refers to a condition in which a man faces difficulties impregnating a female due to issues in his reproductive system. If a male and female engage in unprotected sexual intercourse for more than a year without achieving pregnancy, it is possible that one or both of them may be experiencing infertility problems.

What are the causes of male infertility?

Male infertility can arise from various causes, each affecting different aspects of reproductive function. Some of the primary causes include:

  1. Varicoceles: Abnormal bulging veins in the testicles, called varicoceles, are a prevalent cause of male infertility. They can disrupt testicular temperature regulation and blood flow, leading to reduced sperm production and poor sperm quality.
  2. Sperm morphology: The shape and size of sperm, known as sperm morphology, play a crucial role in the sperm’s ability to fertilize an egg. Abnormalities in sperm morphology can impair fertility.
  3. Chromosomal or genetic issues: Genetic or chromosomal abnormalities can impact sperm production, resulting in a low sperm count and concentration in semen. These conditions can be inherited or arise spontaneously.
  4. Sperm motility: Low sperm motility refers to poor sperm movement, which makes it challenging for sperm to travel and penetrate a woman’s egg. Motility issues can hinder successful fertilization.
  5. Hormonal imbalances: Testosterone and other hormone imbalances can disrupt the delicate hormonal environment necessary for normal sperm production. An imbalance in hormone levels can affect fertility.
  6. Obstruction or vasectomy: Natural physical blockages, such as obstructions in the male tubes (vas deferens), can prevent sperm from mixing with semen before ejaculation. Surgical vasectomy, which intentionally blocks the vas deferens, is also a cause of male infertility.
  7. Retrograde ejaculation: Retrograde ejaculation is a disorder where semen is not properly ejaculated outwardly but instead flows backward into the bladder. This condition hinders sperm from leaving the body and reaching the female reproductive system.
  8. Emotional and psychological factors: Emotional and psychological conditions can impact male fertility. Stress, anxiety, depression, and other psychological factors can contribute to impotence and subsequently affect fertility.
  9. Spinal cord injuries: Injuries to the spinal cord can interfere with nerve signals involved in the erection process. This can result in impotence and infertility in men.
  10. Cancer treatment: Certain cancer treatments, such as radiation therapy or chemotherapy, can harm sperm production and function. Men undergoing cancer treatments are advised to consult with a reproductive endocrinologist or oncologist regarding options for sperm freezing to preserve fertility before treatment.

Understanding the specific causes of male infertility is crucial in determining appropriate treatment options and fertility interventions tailored to the individual’s needs. It is recommended to consult with a healthcare professional specializing in male infertility treatments.

What are the symptoms of male infertility?

Male infertility can manifest in various ways. Some of the symptoms of male infertility include:

  1. Impotence: It refers to the inability to achieve and maintain an erection during sexual intercourse, which can be a sign of male infertility.
  2. Retrograde ejaculation: This condition causes a “dry orgasm” where semen is not ejaculated out of the body but instead goes into the male’s bladder. It is another symptom indicating fertility issues in men.

However, it is important to note that certain causes of male infertility, such as genetic and chromosomal disorders, as well as problems with sperm production and delivery, may not exhibit any noticeable symptoms.

Male infertility assessment

In our office, various tests are conducted to check male infertility. These tests provide crucial information to diagnose the underlying causes and determine appropriate treatment options. The male infertility tests include:

  1. General physical exam and medical history: This examination helps gather information about the patient’s overall health and any potential factors that may contribute to infertility.
  2. Semen testing: A semen analysis is performed to evaluate the semen sample. It provides important insights into factors such as sperm count, morphology (shape and structure), motility (movement), and overall sperm quality.
  3. Hormone level and antibody testing: Hormone levels, such as testosterone, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and luteinizing hormone (LH), are assessed to determine if the hormonal balance is optimal for sperm production. Antibody testing helps identify whether antibodies are present and potentially harming the sperm.
  4. Genetic tests: Genetic testing may be recommended to identify any chromosomal abnormalities that could be contributing to male infertility.
  5. Ultrasounds: Ultrasound imaging is used to examine the internal reproductive organs, including the testicles, epididymis, and prostate. It helps identify any structural abnormalities or conditions that may affect fertility.
  6. Biopsies: In some cases, a biopsy may be performed to evaluate the presence of infections or malignancies that could be impacting fertility.
  7. Specialized sperm tests: Additional tests may be conducted to assess sperm function and viability following ejaculation. These tests provide insights into how well the sperm can survive, move, and fertilize an egg.

By conducting these comprehensive tests, healthcare professionals can gain a thorough understanding of the factors contributing to male infertility and develop an appropriate treatment plan based on the specific diagnosis.

What are the treatments for male infertility?

Treatments for male infertility encompass a range of options to address specific underlying causes. Some of these male infertility treatment approaches include:

  1. Holistic fertility and lifestyle changes: Making positive lifestyle changes can significantly impact fertility. This may involve addressing factors such as obesity, adopting a healthy diet, quitting smoking, reducing alcohol consumption, managing stress, and incorporating regular exercise. These changes can improve overall health and increase fertility potential.
  2. Intrauterine insemination (IUI): In IUI, a procedure commonly used when there are mild male fertility issues, healthy sperm are collected, washed to remove impurities, and concentrated. The prepared sperm is then directly placed into the uterus during the woman’s fertile period, enhancing the chances of fertilization.
  3. In vitro fertilization (IVF) with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI): IVF with ICSI is a highly advanced laboratory technique used when there are significant male infertility factors. It involves the retrieval of eggs from the woman’s ovaries, followed by the injection of a single healthy sperm directly into an egg. The resulting embryos are cultured in the laboratory before being transferred into the woman’s uterus.
  4. Sperm retrieval techniques: For men who cannot ejaculate or produce semen, various procedures can retrieve sperm directly from the testicles or epididymis. This is typically performed using techniques such as testicular sperm extraction (TESE) or percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration (PESA). The retrieved sperm can then be used for assisted reproductive techniques like IVF or ICSI.
  5. Vasectomy reversal: In cases where a man has undergone a vasectomy and wishes to restore fertility, a vasectomy reversal procedure can be performed. This surgery reconnects the vas deferens, allowing the man to once again produce sperm in his semen.
  6. Donor sperm: In situations where male infertility is severe or irreversible, sperm donation can be an option. It involves using healthy sperm from a donor to fertilize the woman’s egg through techniques like IUI or IVF with or without ICSI.
  7. Hormone therapy and medications: If hormonal imbalances are identified as a contributing factor to male infertility, hormone therapy may be prescribed. This can help regulate hormone levels and improve fertility. Medications may also be used to address specific conditions or factors that impact fertility.

It’s important for couples to consult with a male infertility specialist or reproductive endocrinologist who can evaluate the specific situation, recommend the most suitable treatments, and provide guidance throughout the fertility journey.

Why Choose Us?
InviCure IVF pioneers fertility treatments with the latest closed-working technique, boosting IVF success rates. Our extensive hospital network aims to offer accessible, top-notch care, ensuring high-quality fertility treatments are available to all. With advanced techniques and a wide reach, we are dedicated to providing the best possible care for individuals and couples seeking fertility solutions, helping them achieve their dreams of starting or expanding their families.
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