InviCure IVF

Female Infertility Treatment

Looking for female infertility treatment centre in India? Our experienced team of female infertility specialists provides personalized care using advanced technology and innovative treatments. With a focus on your unique needs, we offer comprehensive services such as infertility tests, IVF, IUI, and egg freezing. Our holistic approach encompasses emotional support and counseling to guide you through your fertility journey. With high success rates and a commitment to excellence, we are dedicated to helping couples achieve their dream of starting a family. Choose our center for expert care and compassionate support in overcoming female infertility.

What is female infertility?

In simple terms, female infertility refers to the inability to conceive after trying for 12 months (for women under 35) or 6 months (for women over 35). Recurrent miscarriages can also be considered as an infertility issue. Female infertility can be caused by factors such as age, physical conditions, hormonal imbalances, and lifestyle/environmental factors. It is important to note that infertility is not uncommon, affecting approximately one in six couples. When the cause of infertility lies with the female partner, it is termed as female infertility, accounting for up to 50% of all infertility cases. Determining the exact cause of infertility can be challenging due to various influencing factors. However, it is reassuring to know that many couples undergo successful treatments and are able to conceive. Let’s delve deeper into the details of female infertility.

Symptoms of female infertility

Female infertility symptoms may not always present noticeable beyond the inability to conceive. However, there are certain signs that can indicate potential issues with fertility. One such sign is irregularities in ovulation. If your menstrual cycle is consistently longer than 35 days or shorter than 21 days, it could indicate problems with ovulation. Additionally, irregular or absent menstrual cycles can also be indicators of infertility, even if there are no other noticeable symptoms. It’s important to note that these symptoms alone may not confirm infertility, but they serve as valuable cues to seek medical evaluation and assistance. Consulting with a healthcare professional specializing in fertility can help determine the underlying causes and explore appropriate treatment options.

Causes of female infertility

The causes of female infertility can be varied, despite the primary symptom being the inability to conceive. Here are some common factors that contribute to infertility:

  1. Ovulation disorders: Normal ovulation is essential for pregnancy as it involves the release of a mature egg from the ovaries. However, irregular or absent ovulation can hinder fertility. Ovulation disorders can result from imbalances in hormones controlling the reproductive cycle. Issues with the hypothalamus or pituitary gland, which regulate these hormones, can disrupt the ovulation process. Problems within the ovaries themselves can also lead to ovulation disorders.
  2. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): PCOS is a hormonal disorder that can disrupt ovulation. Women with PCOS often experience an imbalance in reproductive hormones, leading to irregular ovulation or the absence of ovulation altogether. Multiple small cysts may form on the ovaries, impacting fertility.
  3. Hypothalamic dysfunction: The hypothalamus plays a crucial role in regulating the production of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), which are essential for ovulation. Various factors, such as excessive physical or mental stress, significant weight gain or loss, or certain medical conditions, can impair the production of these hormones. Irregular menstrual cycles are a common sign of hypothalamic dysfunction.
  4. Fallopian tube blockage: The fallopian tubes are responsible for carrying the egg from the ovaries to the uterus. If the tubes are blocked or damaged, it can hinder the egg’s journey, preventing fertilization. Conditions such as pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, or previous surgeries can cause tubal issues.
  5. Uterine abnormalities: Structural abnormalities of the uterus can affect fertility. Conditions such as uterine fibroids (noncancerous growths), polyps, or the presence of scar tissue can interfere with implantation or hinder the development of a fertilized egg.
  6. Age-related factors: As women age, their fertility naturally declines. The quantity and quality of eggs decrease, making it more challenging to conceive. Advanced maternal age is often associated with a higher risk of infertility.
  7. Hormonal imbalance: Hormonal changes are necessary for maintaining fertility. These changes regulate the release of eggs and the thickening of the uterine lining to support pregnancy. Imbalances in reproductive hormones can disrupt these processes and hinder fertility.
  8. Cervical factors: In some cases, the cervical canal may pose a challenge for sperm to pass through. Factors such as abnormal cervical mucus consistency or cervical structural issues can impede sperm’s ability to reach the uterus and fertilize the egg.
  9. Uterine troubles: Conditions such as polyps and fibroids in the uterus can interfere with fertility. Polyps are abnormal growths that develop in the endometrium, the uterine lining, and fibroids are noncancerous tumors that can affect the uterine cavity. These growths can disrupt implantation or affect the development of a fertilized egg. Other uterine abnormalities can also contribute to infertility.
  10. Unexplained infertility: In approximately 20% of couples experiencing infertility, the exact cause cannot be determined through standard diagnostic tests. It could be a combination of subtle factors that individually may not significantly affect fertility but collectively contribute to the difficulty in conceiving. Seeking appropriate treatment and intervention is crucial, even in cases of unexplained infertility, as proactive measures can improve the chances of successful conception.

Identifying the specific cause(s) of infertility is vital to develop a targeted treatment plan. Consulting with a female fertility specialist can help determine the underlying factors contributing to infertility and guide the appropriate course of action.

Female infertility assessment

When diagnosing infertility, your doctor may recommend various female infertility tests to assess your reproductive health. These tests can provide valuable insights into the underlying causes of female infertility. Here are some common tests:

  1. Blood tests: Blood tests are conducted to check hormone levels, detect any hormonal imbalances, and evaluate ovarian reserve. These tests can help determine the functionality of the ovaries and identify any issues with ovulation.
  2. Pelvic exam or breast exam: A thorough physical examination, including a pelvic exam and breast exam, may be conducted to identify any visible abnormalities or signs of underlying conditions that could affect fertility.
  3. Cervical mucus or tissue sample: A sample of cervical mucus or tissue may be taken for further analysis or biopsy. This can help rule out infections, abnormalities, or cervical issues that could impact fertility.
  4. Hysterosalpingography (HSG): HSG involves taking X-rays or ultrasound images of the reproductive organs. A dye, saline, or air is injected through the cervix, allowing the doctor to assess the shape and condition of the uterus and check for blockages or abnormalities in the fallopian tubes. It helps determine if the tubes are open or if any structural issues are present.
  5. Laparoscopy (Keyhole Surgery): Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure in which a thin tube with a camera (laparoscope) is inserted through a small incision near the navel. This enables the doctor to visualize the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes on a monitor, identifying any abnormalities or blockages. Laparoscopy is particularly useful in diagnosing conditions such as endometriosis or pelvic adhesions that may contribute to infertility.

These female infertility tests provide valuable information to your healthcare provider, aiding in the diagnosis and formulation of a tailored treatment plan. Your doctor will discuss the specific tests needed based on your medical history, symptoms, and initial evaluations.

What are the treatments for female infertility?

There are various treatment options available for female infertility, depending on the underlying causes and individual circumstances. Here are some common female infertility treatment approaches:

  1. Laparoscopy: Laparoscopic surgery may be performed to address pelvic or tubal abnormalities. It is a minimally invasive procedure in which the organs are surgically repaired or reproductive issues like scar tissue, endometriosis, blocked tubes, or ovarian cysts are treated.
  2. Hysteroscopy: This procedure involves the insertion of a hysteroscope (a thin device with a camera) into the uterus through the cervix. It is often used to remove polyps, fibroid tumors, or scar tissue. Hysteroscopy can also help in opening up blocked tubes.
  3. Medication: If ovulation problems are the cause of infertility, medications can be prescribed. Common fertility medications such as clomiphene citrate, gonadotropins, or letrozole may be used. These medications stimulate ovulation, increase the chances of releasing multiple eggs, or regulate hormonal imbalances. In cases of insulin resistance or polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), medications like metformin (glucophage) may be recommended.
  4. Intrauterine Insemination (IUI): During IUI, specially prepared semen is injected directly into the uterus, typically timed with ovulation. This procedure increases the chances of sperm reaching the fallopian tubes and fertilizing the egg. It is sometimes combined with fertility medications to enhance success rates.
  5. In-vitro Fertilization (IVF): IVF is a comprehensive procedure involving the retrieval of mature eggs from the ovaries, fertilizing them with sperm in a laboratory, and transferring the resulting embryos into the uterus. IVF is suitable for various fertility issues and is often recommended in cases of unexplained infertility, tubal blockages, endometriosis, or low ovarian reserve.
  6. Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI): ICSI is a procedure in which a single sperm is directly injected into an egg to facilitate fertilization. The fertilized egg (embryo) is then transferred to the uterus.
  7. Gamete Intrafallopian Tube Transfer (GIFT) and Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer (ZIFT): GIFT and ZIFT are procedures similar to IVF, where eggs are retrieved and combined with sperm in a laboratory. In ZIFT, the fertilized eggs (zygotes) are transferred to the fallopian tubes within 24 hours. In GIFT, the combined sperm and eggs are placed directly into the fallopian tubes.
  8. Egg Donation: For women with healthy uteruses but ovarian dysfunction, egg donation can be an option. In this process, eggs from a donor are retrieved and fertilized with sperm through IVF. The resulting embryos are then transferred to the recipient’s uterus.

The choice of treatment depends on the specific diagnosis, individual circumstances, and the recommendations of fertility specialists. It’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional who specializes in reproductive medicine to determine the most suitable treatment plan for your situation.

Why Choose Us?
InviCure IVF pioneers fertility treatments with the latest closed-working technique, boosting IVF success rates. Our extensive hospital network aims to offer accessible, top-notch care, ensuring high-quality fertility treatments are available to all. With advanced techniques and a wide reach, we are dedicated to providing the best possible care for individuals and couples seeking fertility solutions, helping them achieve their dreams of starting or expanding their families.
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